March 16, 2010

Phalaenopsis Orchids

General Characteristic of Phalaenopsis Orchids

By Anaskonda

The Phalaenopsis, the most popular orchid in the world is native to the East Indies, Indonesia, the Philippines and Australia. Its name comes from the shape of butterfly flower, "Phalaena = butterfly" and "opsis = similar" given in 1752 by botanist C. L. Blume to a sample found on the island of Java because it reminded him of when tropical moths fly. The Phalaenopsis was however already been discovered several years earlier (in 1600) by G. E. Rumphius who described and sketched in the 'Herbarium Amboinense "giving it the name" Angraecum album majus "published in 1750 but only about 50 years after his death.

The phalaenopsis is a plant or epiphytic litofita (ie that grow on rocks), with monopodiale structure, as it develops along an axis with a single peak growing season. The phalenopsis have 2-6 leaves large, fleshy and leathery green very intense and brilliant in many species, arranged in very close together. They can also reach a width of 10 cm and 50 cm long to be. In phalenopsis leaves are essential for plant life because they are the only body of water storage, do not possess pseudobulbs.

The roots of Phalaenopsis are very numerous, large, branched and thanks to them tenaciously adheres to the substrate. In fact, when we proceed with the transplantation of an orchid, you must take a series of tricks and have the utmost care to avoid damaging them (for that time to read the article about re-potting). The flowers of Phalaenopsis mounted on stems that can be simple or branched, thin and rigid and variable length.

The flowers are usually large with sepals almost equal to each other, very open and flat. The petals are usually larger than the sepals with a labellum trilobed with lateral lobes curved inward.